Some of the principle arguments will be dealt with here by providing a brief account of their structure, and examining their validity and truth value, as seen by Plato and scholars of Plato. The suicide argument that Socrates offers early in the text is roughly made in the following form:
Plot overview and analysis written by an experienced literary critic.
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Phaedo is a dialogue written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. Socrates was sentenced to death by the state of Athens. It follows after his dialogues Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito.
In Euthyphro, Socrates is outside the court awaiting his trial. He is being charged with not believing in the gods of the state and for corrupting the youth of Athens. In Crito, Socrates has been imprisoned and sentenced to death. The dialogue covers a conversation that takes place while Socrates is in prison.
In Phaedo, Socrates is with friends in his prison cell moments before his death.
He will be executed by drinking hemlock. Socrates asks his friends gathered around his deathbed questions about death and immortality. What happens to our souls after we die? Is there an afterlife? In the Socratic method, there is a dialogue between the teacher and his students.
The teacher poses probing questions.
The teacher designs the questions to draw out the underlying views and beliefs held by the students. Socrates, like a true philosopher, welcomed death as a time to come closest to true knowledge and wisdom. Wisdom is more important than the physical body.
Death allows you to achieve the truest knowledge of your soul. There is no reason to fear death. If the Gods created a life that is good for us, why would death be any different? Socrates did not condone suicide. Plato writes the dialogue with Socrates from the perspective of one of the students, Phaedo of Elis.
This is one of the main themes in the Phaedo. The Opposites Argument explains that the soul has to be immortal and the opposite of our mortal bodies. It is also known as the Cyclical Argument because it explains the cycle of life, death, and birth.
The cycle involves the dead being created from the living and through death, the living are then created from the dead through their birth. The soul withdraws completely intact from the physical body at our death.
The soul then enters another body at birth. The soul, which always brings life, is eternal and unchanging. The Theory of Recollection explains that at birth humans have knowledge from past incarnations of our soul.
In this life, the role of learning is to rediscover the knowledge that already resides within us. The soul is invisible and immortal while in contrast the body visible and mortal.[tags: Classical Greek Philosopher, Literary Analysis] Strong Essays words ( pages) Phaedo by Plato Essay - Socrates first establishes the existence of an underworld based on an ancient idea that souls that are born come from there; essentially, they are born from the dead.
- Socrates in Phaedo by Plato In Plato's Phaedo. Phaedo, This is a study guide for the book Phaedo written by Plato. Plato's Phaedo is one of the great dialogues of his middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. The Five Dialogues by Plato (namely, Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno and Phaedo) present Plato’s philosophy vis-à-vis his mentor Socrates.
These dialogues can be read as a narration of Socrates’ life and are akin to acts in a drama or chapters of a novel. Phaedo, who was the narrator, is represented in the dialog as a mere lad, and it is quite reasonable to imagine he was well acquainted with Plato during his later years.
Taken as a whole, the subject matter of the dialog is Socrates' conception of the soul. Phaedo: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Plato's Phaedo makes a lot of interesting arguments that are well worth the time taken to contemplate them. Some of the principle arguments will be dealt with here by providing a brief account of their structure, and examining their validity and truth value, as seen by Plato and scholars of Plato.