Several perspectives models, approaches derived from data and theories attempt to explain the causes of abnormal behavior.
He is easily bored and distracted. In school, he cannot stay in his seat for very long and he frequently does not follow instructions. He is constantly fidgeting or staring into space.
Zack has poor social skills and may overreact when someone accidentally bumps into him or uses one of his toys.
At home, he chatters constantly and rarely settles down to do a quiet activity, such as reading a book. But what do the symptoms mean? Does Zack simply have a lot of energy and a short attention span?
Boys mature more slowly than girls at this age, and perhaps Zack will catch up in the next few years. One possibility is for the parents and teachers to work with Zack to help him be more attentive, to put up with the behavior, and to wait it out.
ADHD is a developmental behavior disorder characterized by problems with focus, difficulty maintaining attention, and inability to concentrate, in which symptoms start before 7 years of age American Psychiatric Association, ; National Institute of Mental Health, 1.
In adults the symptoms of ADHD include forgetfulness, difficulty paying attention to details, procrastination, disorganized work habits, and not listening to others.
ADHD is also being diagnosed much more frequently in adolescents and adults Barkley, You might wonder what this all means. Perhaps drug companies are also involved, because ADHD is often treated with prescription medications, including stimulants such as Ritalin.
Although skeptics argue that ADHD is overdiagnosed and is a handy excuse for behavioral problems, most psychologists believe that ADHD is a real disorder that is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Jared is able to maintain eye contact and enjoys mixing with other children, but he cannot communicate with them very well. Here he was tested by a pediatric neurologist, a psychologist, and a child psychiatrist. He diagnosed Jared with a pervasive developmental disorder, because while his comprehension and expressive language was poor, he was still able to carry out nonverbal tasks, such as drawing a picture or doing a puzzle.
The psychologist believed that the autism diagnosis was correct because, like other children with autism, Jared, has a poorly developed ability to see the world from the perspective of others; engages in unusual behaviors such as talking about trucks for hours; and responds to stimuli, such as the sound of a car or an airplane, in unusual ways.
Clearly there is something wrong with their child, but even the experts cannot agree on exactly what the problem is. Although for many years autism was thought to be primarily a socially determined disorder, in which parents who were cold, distant, and rejecting created the problem, current research suggests that biological factors are most important.
Scientists speculate that autism is caused by an unknown genetically determined brain abnormality that occurs early in development. It is likely that several different brain sites are affected Moldin,and the search for these areas is being conducted in many scientific laboratories.
Furthermore, the appropriate classifications change with time and new knowledge. Key Takeaways More psychologists are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorder than in any other endeavor, and those tasks are probably the most important psychologists face.
The impact on people with a psychological disorder comes both from the disease itself and from the stigma associated with disorder.Perspectives on Abnormal Behavior Those in the field of abnormal psychology study people's emotional, cognitive, and/or behavioral problems.
Abnormal behavior may be defined as behavior that is disturbing (socially unacceptable), distressing, maladaptive (or self‐defeating), and often the result of distorted thoughts (cognitions).
Abnormal psychology is a part of kaja-net.com who study abnormal psychology are kaja-net.com are scientists that investigate the mind using the scientific kaja-net.coment cultures tend to have different ideas of how strange (abnormal) any behaviour is considered. This tends to change over time within cultures, so people that live in a country at one time in history might consider.
Oct 15, · History of Abnormal Psychology. Updated on January 26, Leah Lenau.
more. Contact Author. Ancient Views. Specialists who have studied bones, artwork and remnants of ancient societies have noticed that the societies probably regarded abnormal behavior as the work of evil spirits.
Most ancient societies believed that all Reviews: 5. Difference between Normal and Abnormal Behaviour are as follows: Normal: The common pattern of behaviour found among the general majority is said to be the behaviour of the normal. Normal people exhibit satisfactory work capacity and earn adequate income.
They conform and adjust to their social surrounding. They are capable of establishing, satisfying and acceptable [ ]. The definition of abnormal behavior is an often debated issue in abnormal psychology because of these subjective variables.
Abnormal behavior should not be confused with unusual behavior. Behavior that is out of the ordinary is not necessarily indicative of a mental or psychological disorder.
Depressed behavior, for example, can be statistically abnormal, a violation of societal norms, deviate from ideal mental health standards and impede functioning. Learn more about Psychology Related Questions.