World History Famous Authors Authors throughout history have helped capture something about their lives, their era, and the society around them. From Homer in the 8th century BC all the way until now, there is something in the works of these authors that can capture our imagination and help us expand our knowledge.
Agricultural labor — under which someone works the land in exchange for money, payment in kind, or some combination of the two Collective ownership Access to land through a membership in a cooperativeor shares in a corporation, which owns the land typically by fee simple or its equivalent, but possibly under other arrangements.
Government collectivessuch as those that might be found in communist states, whereby government ownership of most agricultural land is combined in various ways with tenure for farming collectives. Property redistribution Land reform is a deeply political process  and therefore many arguments for and against it have emerged.
These arguments vary tremendously over time and place. For example, in the twentieth century, many land reforms emerged from a particular political ideology, such as communism or socialism.
Or, as can be seen in the 19th century in colonized states, a colonial government may have changed the laws dictating land ownership to better consolidate political power or to support its colonial economy.
Today many arguments in support of land reform focus on its potential social and economic benefits, particularly in developing countriesthat may emerge from reforms focused on greater land formalization. Such benefits may include eradicating food insecurity and alleviating rural poverty.
And that companion fact: And the little screaming fact that sounds through all history: Without land titles or other formal documentation of their land assets, they are less able to access formal credit.
Political and legal reforms within countries, according to de Soto, will help to include the poor in formal legal and economic systems, increase the poor's ability to access credit and contribute to economic growth and poverty reduction.
Other arguments in support of land reform point to the need to alleviate conflicting land laws, particularly in former colonies, where formal and informal land systems may exist in tension with each other.
Also, conflicting formal and informal land laws can also clog a country's legal system, making it prone to corruption. For example, if reform leads to greater security of land ownershipthrough either formal or informal means, then those that use the land will be better stewards of it.
Yet, as mentioned previously, land reform is an intensely political process. For example, some may fear that they will be disadvantaged or victimized as a result of the reforms. Others may fear that they will lose out in the economic and political power struggles that underlie many land reforms. While the economic and social benefits of formalized land rights are often touted, some research suggests that such reforms are either ineffective or may cause further hardship or conflict.
If improperly or inadequately implemented, critics worry that such reforms may further disadvantage marginalization groups such as indigenous communities or women.
Even if a country does have this capacity, critics worry that corruption and patrimonalism will lead to further elite capture. Zimbabwe, again, is a commonly cited example of the perils of such large-scale reforms, whereby land redistribution contributed to economic decline and increased food insecurity in the country.
Land reforms by country Nearly all newly independent countries of Eastern and Central Europe implemented land reforms in the aftermath of World War I. In most countries the land in excess of certain limit ranging from 20 to ha depending on the region and type of land was expropriated, in Finland it was redeemed and placed into special fund.Authors throughout history have helped capture something about their lives, their era, and the society around them.
From Homer in the 8th century BC all the way until now, there is something in the works of these authors that can capture our imagination and help us expand our knowledge. Alienation in the Grapes of Wrath. An effective way writers demonstrate the moral values of a society is by not telling the story from one in the society, but from the point of view of a person alienated from it.
Open Document. Below is an essay on "Alienation in the Grapes of Wrath" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples/5(1). Route 66 was the iconic highway of twentieth-century America, stretching from Chicago and Chicago and the Mississippi River basin to Los Angeles and the Pacific coast, and it connected Americans not only physically but also culturally as an enduring symbol found in classic songs, films, television, and pop art.
The Grapes of Wrath 1 by John Steinbeck was set during the Great Depression in America. The book was made into an academy award winning film in directed by John Ford and starring Henry Fonda as Tom Joad.
Early on in the book we hear of one of the farmers, Muley Graves, recite how he was served papers by a city man to get off his farm land. 48 Hours Mystery: A killer defense. A scorned wife sues her husband's lover - then someone ends up dead.