An analysis of the manic depressive illness or the bipolar affective disorder

Mania can present with varying levels of mood disturbance, ranging from euphoria that is associated with "classic mania" to dysphoria and irritability.

An analysis of the manic depressive illness or the bipolar affective disorder

Comorbidity Subtypes and specifiers for each disorder.

Causes of Bipolar Disorder

In reading each of these aspects related to a disorder, you will become more adept at using the DSM-5 and display advanced clinical formulation abilities. It is also advisable to carefully read each coding note as well as coding and reporting procedures for each disorder.

As you shift from using the DSM-IV-TR to the DSM-5, remember that the DSM-5 is intended to serve as a practical, functional, and flexible guide for organizing information that can aid in the accurate diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.

The overarching goal of the DSM-5 is to promote diagnostic specificity, treatment sensitivity, and case formulation. I recommend clinicians recognize the limitations of using the DSM-5 in forensic settings. The manual is not designed for nonclinical professionals and does not meet the technical needs of the courts and legal professionals APA,p.

When using the DSM-5, it is not sufficient to simply check off the symptoms in the diagnostic criteria to make a diagnosis. Proper use of the manual requires clinical training to recognize when signs and symptoms exceed normal ranges. Some of these newly recordable conditions include: The WHODAS was developed through a collaborative international approach with the aim of developing a single generic instrument for assessing health status and disability across different cultures and settings.

This psychometrically established measure covers 6 domains: Cognition — understanding and communicating Mobility — moving and getting around Self-care — hygiene, dressing, eating and staying alone Getting along — interacting with other people Life activities — domestic responsibilities, leisure, work and school Participation — joining in community activities Clinicians can learn more about the background and appropriate use of the WHODAS by reading pages of the DSM-5 Section III: Using the DSM-5 nonaxial format recording as many coexisting mental disorders, general medical conditions, and other factors as are relevant to the care and treatment of the individual a potential clinical formulation may look as follows: Diagnoses Incorporate sensitivity to age, gender, and culture-specific factors.

An analysis of the manic depressive illness or the bipolar affective disorder

Are guidelines for understanding human behaviors. Are not intended to be considered as legal definitions for use by law enforcement and the courts. Disorders Should not be an expected or culturally sanctioned response to a particular event.

Are conditions that people have, but they do not define the person. Are quite often early-life coping or defense mechanisms that are now seen as dysfunctional and causing distress in adult life.

Cross-Cutting Symptom Measures and Disorder-Specific Severity Measures Emerging assessment measures are to be administered at the initial interview and used to monitor treatment progress, thus serving to advance the use of initial symptomatic status and reported outcome information APA, The DSM-5 cross-cutting symptom measures aid in a comprehensive assessment by drawing attention to clinical symptoms that manifest, or cut-across diagnoses.

Sleep disturbance is an example of a cross-cutting symptom as it is found in depressive disorders, bipolar disorders, anxiety disorders, and trauma-related disorders. Cross-cutting assessments are not specific to any particular disorder; rather, they evaluate symptoms of high importance to nearly all clients in most clinical settings.

They are designed to be administered to all clients at the initial evaluation to establish a baseline and on follow-up visits to monitor progress. Level 1 Measures offer a brief screening of 13 domains for adults i.Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depressive illness, is a severe chronic mood disorder characterised by episodes of mania, hypomania, and alternating or intertwining episodes of depression ().No biomarker has yet been approved for diagnosis of any mental disorder and clinical criteria endure.

9 The most widely acknowledged diagnostic classifications are the 10th revision of the. The central tenet of clinical comorbidity, the occurrence of 2 syndromes in the same patient, presupposes that they are distinct categorical entities.

By this definition, 2 or more coexisting syndromes do not negate one another, nor paradoxically does this coexistence negate the potential for one to. Bipolar I Disorder is characterized by the occurrence of at least one manic episode, preceded or followed by a hypomanic or major depressive episode.

9 Most Common Triggers for Bipolar Mood Episodes | Everyday Health

Manic episodes may be so severe they significantly disrupt your daily functioning or may trigger a break from reality (psychosis). Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.

It is often accompanied by low self-esteem, loss of interest in normally enjoyable activities, low energy, and pain without a clear cause. People may also occasionally have false beliefs or see or hear things that .

Learning Objectives

DEPRESSION A Global Public Health Concern Developed by Marina Marcus, M. Taghi Yasamy, Mark van Ommeren, and Dan Chisholm, Shekhar Saxena WHO Department of .

Catatonic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition. Clinicians use this classification when there is evidence from the history, physical examination, or laboratory findings that the disturbance is the direct pathophysiological consequence of another medical condition.

Bipolar disorder - Wikipedia