It is always interesting to study other cultures and it is extremely important to do just that if you are going to have interactions with them. China is one of those interesting cultures mainly because what we usually know about the country is through movies or the local Chinese restaurant.
The Chinese refer to their country as the Middle Kingdom, an indication of how central they have felt themselves to be throughout history. There are cultural and linguistic variations in different regions, but for such a large country the culture is relatively uniform.
However, fifty-five minority groups inhabit the more remote regions of the country and have their own unique cultures, languages, and customs.
It borders thirteen countries, including Russia and Mongolia to the north, India to the southwest, and Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam to the south.
The climate is extremely diverse, ranging from tropical in the south to subarctic in the north. In the west, the land consists mostly of mountains, high plateaus, and desert. The eastern regions are characterized by plains, deltas, and hills.
The highest point is Mount Everest, on the border between Tibet and Nepal, the tallest mountain in the world. The Yangtze, the longest river in the country, forms the official dividing line between north and south China. Inner China and Outer China.
Historically, the two have been very separate. The Great Wall, which was built in the fifteenth century to protect the country against military invasions, marks the division. While the areas of the two regions are roughly equal, 95 percent of the population lives in Inner China. The country is home to several endangered species, including the giant panda, the golden monkey, several species of tiger, the Yangtze alligator, and the red-crowned crane.
While outside organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund have made efforts to save these animals, their preservation is not a top priority for the government. Sichuan, in the central region, is the most densely populated province. Many of the minority groups live in Outer China, although the distribution has changed slightly over the years.
The government has supported Han migration to minority territories in an effort to spread the population more evenly across the country and to control the minority groups in those areas, which sometimes are perceived as a threat to national stability.
Mandarin Chinese is the official language. It is also called Putonghua and is based on the Beijing dialect.
Modern spoken Chinese, which replaced the classical language in the s, is called bai hua. The writing system has not changed for thousands of years and is the same for all the dialects. It is complex and difficult to learn China and consists of almost sixty thousand characters, although only about five thousand are used in everyday life.
Unlike other modern languages, which use phonetic alphabets, Chinese is written in pictographs and ideographs, symbols that represent concepts rather than sounds.
The communist government, in an attempt to increase literacy, developed a simplified writing system. There is also a system, called pinyin, of writing Chinese words in Roman characters.
Chinese is a tonal language: Many of the dialects are so different that they are mutually unintelligible. Some minority groups have their own languages. The flag has a red background with a yellow star in the upper left-hand corner and four smaller yellow stars in a crescent formation to its right.
The color red symbolizes the revolution.
The large star stands for the Communist Party, and the four small stars symbolize the Chinese people; the position of the stars stands for a populace united in support of the state. The main symbol of the nation is the dragon, a fantastical creature made up of seven animals.
It is accorded the power to change size at will and to bring the rain that farmers need. Another patriotic symbol is the Great Wall. Spanning a length of 1, miles, it is the only human-made structure visible from the moon.
Work began on the wall in the third century B.Different Family Values Between China and America The family education is related to a person”s life.
Nowadays, social development needs high qualified talents and good family education is the key point to the high qualified talents. The Differences of Family Values in Chinese and American Cultures ABSTRACT This paper aims to make a contrastive study on family values in Chinese and American cultures from the three parts: the attitude to the family members and their relationships, marriage and family education.
Consequently, the different concepts of family between China and America are ascribed to different cultural contexts in the two countries. Cultural traditions and family values vary from country to country; therefore, to understand the historical development of Chinese and American families, the basic model, and the relationship among the.
Two parents and a child: the statue Family in the garden of the Palace of Nations, Geneva, Switzerland. by Anita S. Mak and Helen Chan. Chinese settlement in Australia has a long history, beginning soon after the discovery of gold in Australia in demonstrates the difference between China and the west in family values, describes its difference in various aspects as well as the causes of it and trends of integration.