Telehealth in substance abuse and addiction: Review of the literature on smoking, alcohol, drug abuse and gambling Report. Institute for Health Economics.
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Close First published "Drug abuse and addiction can affect almost every system in your body. You probably know that drugs affect feelings and moods, judgment, decision making, learning, and memory.
Some of these effects occur when drugs are used at high doses or after prolonged use, and some may occur after just one use. Below, find out facts about the harmful health effects of various drugs throughout the body.
Cocaine—Cocaine restricts blood flow to the brain, increases heart rate, and promotes blood clotting.
These effects can lead to stroke or heart attack. Recent NIDA research suggests that cocaine also limits the body's ability to fight infection. Ecstasy MDMA —Ecstasy speeds up heart rate and blood pressure and disrupts the brain's ability to regulate body temperature, which can result in overheating to the point of hyperthermia.
When this happens, abusers begin to sweat, but can't cool off. In a hot and crowded dance atmosphere, this can be life-threatening if medical care is not delivered quickly.
Treatment of hyperthermia requires prompt medical attention, as it can rapidly lead to muscle breakdown, which can, in turn, result in kidney failure. Lung complications including various types of pneumonia and tuberculosis may result from the poor health condition of the abuser as well as from heroin's depressing effects on respiration.
Heroin abusers who share needles can pass the virus to each other. They can also spread other blood-based diseases like hepatitis C and tuberculosis.
Heroin overdose can slow the respiratory system until breathing stops and the person dies. Inhalants—Sniffing highly concentrated amounts of the chemicals in solvents or aerosol sprays can directly induce heart failure and death within minutes of a session of repeated inhalations.
This syndrome, known as "sudden sniffing death," can result from a single session of inhalant use by an otherwise healthy young person. Sudden sniffing death is particularly associated with the abuse of butane, propane, and chemicals in aerosols. Also, high concentrations of inhalants also can cause death from suffocation by displacing oxygen in the lungs and then in the central nervous system so that breathing ceases.
Deliberately inhaling from a paper or plastic bag or in a closed area, for example, greatly increases the chances of suffocation. Marijuana—People who smoke marijuana often develop the same kinds of breathing problems as cigarette smokers, including coughing and wheezing.
They tend to have more chest colds than nonusers. They are also at greater risk of getting lung infections, like pneumonia. Some studies show that when people have smoked large amounts of marijuana for years, the drug takes its toll on mental functions.
Heavy or daily use of marijuana affects the parts of the brain that control memory, attention, and learning.
A working short-term memory is needed to learn and perform tasks that call for more than one or two steps. In long-term marijuana abusers, some changes in the brain are similar to those seen after long-term abuse of other major drugs, including cocaine, heroin, and alcohol.
Methamphetamine—Methamphetamine can cause cardiac damage, elevates heart rate and blood pressure, and can cause a variety of cardiovascular problems, including rapid heart rate, irregular heartbeat, and increased blood pressure.
Methamphetamine also increases wakefulness and physical activity, creating the potential for a combination of activity and overheating hyperthermia that, as with ecstasy, can lead to convulsions and a dangerous, sometimes lethal, elevation of body temperature.The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the principal biomedical and behavioral research agency of the United States Government.
NIH is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. One study found that early onset of alcohol use (i.e., by age 12) was associated with subsequent alcohol abuse and related problem behaviors in later adolescence, including alcohol-related violence, injuries, drinking and driving, absenteeism from school or work, and .
Drug abuse is a serious public health problem. It affects almost every community and family in some way. Drug abuse in children and teenagers may pose a greater hazard than in older people.
Treatment For Smoking Addiction: Drug Rehab #[ Treatment For Smoking Addiction ]# Find Out How You Can Start Rehab Today! Treatment For Smoking Addiction Substance Abuse Center Of Kansas. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and NIDA for Teens Substance Use Among 12th Grade Aged Youths by Dropout Status, The NSDUH Report, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration, February 12, Drugs, Alcohol & Smoking It's not uncommon for people with mental health conditions to try to cope with their symptoms by smoking or using alcohol and other drugs.
While self-medicating may provide temporary distraction from symptoms, they can make recovery even more difficult.