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Previous Home Page Top The hero is both an expression and a tool of the hegemony of "a lived system of meanings and values--constitutive and constituting--which as they are experienced as practices appear as reciprocally confirming. It thus constitutes a sense of reality for most people in the society, a sense of absolute because experienced reality beyond which it is very difficult for most members of the society to move, in most areas of their lives.
It is, that is to say, in the strongest sense a 'culture', but a culture which has also to be seen as the lived dominance and subordination of particular classes.
Certainly, and as such particularly apt to illuminate the basically contradictory nature of the notion of 'individualism.
The powerful archetype of woman as evil seductress from Circe in the Odyssey to Glen Close's role in Fatal Attraction serves to further justify men's domination over women and the Feminine.
One of the darker aspects of the hero is the role he plays in disseminating these values. If one looks at the heroes outlined in other parts of this site, one notices they are mostly European and all warriors, fighting and even killing to solve their problems.
They reflect the violent history of their respective societies in conquering other groups. The hero reflects the appearance and values of the dominant societal group and justifies the society's crimes against others by showing the hero's strength and violence resulting in the hero's people gaining independence, usurping power, or obtaining any of a number of other results favorable to the dominant group, usually at the expense of marginalized groups.
Obviously, this reinforces violence as the only means of gaining power; in fact, for persons living in a nation with violent heroes, it's hard to imagine any other way. And, unfortunately, being militarily dominant has historically been very effective in maintaining dominance for privileged groups.
Breen and Corcoran in "The Myth in the Discourse" say, "We can see that other societies are culturally-constructed but we feel that our world is not at all the result of a historical process.
As innocent myth-consumers, we read our myths as facts instead of culturally-constructed images. In other words, Americans no more doubted John Wayne was going to beat those "brainwashed Japs" than Nazis believed they could and should commit genocide against "filthy Jews". The hero justifies the actions of a nation--but only if one is part of the group the hero represents.
Another aspect of the hero that is potentially dangerous is the misapplication of his story in modern media. In Campbell's examination of the hero's life, he outlines three steps of the hero: Campbell emphasizes the hero not only conquers the problem, but returns to society to "bestow boons on his fellow people.
Ken Burke points out that in modern American cinema, the fixation on the conquering or initiation aspect of the hero has hidden the full life of the hero--that of maturation into leadership and wisdom--from viewers of modern myth.
Ancient heroes would often return after their journeys to marry and lead a mature life, imparting their hard-won wisdom to their people.
Burke says the lack of portrayal of this part of the hero's life in modern media leads to an "arrested adolescence" that "constantly avoids social responsibility and marital commitment.
The result is an incomplete individuation process, with members of a society caught in a dangerous, "self-destructive individualism," 3 unable or unwilling to reconcile the worlds of personal ego and community that Campbell believes the heroes were trying to show could be done.
The necessity of heroes, Campbell felt, was to "pull together all these tendencies to separation, to pull them together into some intention.American track star and professional football and baseball player Jim Thorpe was the hero of the Olympic Games in Stockholm, Sweden, but had his gold medals taken from him for his status as a professional athlete.
James Francis Thorpe (Native American name, Wa-tho-huck, or . Recast as modern-day men, Tom Sawyer and Huck Finn draft their misfit cronies to help find the buried treasure the two have sought since boyhood. Watch trailers & learn more.
HUCKLEBERRY FINN, By Mark Twain, Complete The Project Gutenberg EBook of Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Complete by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, Complete by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at .
A name for this character could be "Hero". In the book The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain, Huck Finn could be considered a hero for the attitude, actions, and emotions that he possesses throughout the book.
Jan 01, · Chapter Summary for Mark Twain's The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, chapter 12 summary. Find a summary of this and each chapter of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn!