Despite their ancient pedigree, the Julii Caesares were not especially politically influential, although they had enjoyed some revival of their political fortunes in the early 1st century BC. His coming of age coincided with a civil war between his uncle Gaius Marius and his rival Lucius Cornelius Sulla.
Background[ edit ] Biographers describe tension between Caesar and the Senate, and his possible claims to the title of king. According to Cassius Diowriting over years later, a senatorial delegation went to inform Caesar of new honors they had bestowed upon him in 44 BC.
Caesar received them while sitting in the Temple of Venus Genetrixrather than rising to meet them. A member of the crowd placed a laurel wreath on the statue of Caesar on the Rostra.
The tribunes Gaius Epidius Marullus and Lucius Caesetius Flavus ordered that the wreath be removed as it was a symbol of Jupiter and royalty.
Caesar had the tribunes removed from office through his official powers. Also, at the festival of the Lupercaliawhile he gave a speech from the Rostra, Mark Antonywho had been elected co-consul with Caesar, attempted to place a crown on his head several times.
Caesar put it aside to use as a sacrifice to Jupiter Optimus Maximus. He then places the crowd shouting "rex" on the Alban Hill with the tribunes arresting a member of this crowd as well. The plebeian protested that he was unable to speak his mind freely. Caesar then brought the Julius caesar act i q a before the senate and put the matter to a vote, thereafter removing them from office and erasing their names from the records.
Suetonius adds that Lucius Cotta proposed to the Senate that Caesar should be granted the title of "king", for it was prophesied that only a king would conquer Parthia. His many titles and honors from the Senate were ultimately merely that: Caesar continually strove for more power to govern, with as little dependence as possible on honorary titles or the Senate.
The placating and ennobling of Caesar did not allay ultimate confrontation, as the Senate was still the authority granting Caesar his titles.
Formal power resided in them, resulting in tension with Caesar. Brutus began to conspire against Caesar with his friend and brother-in-law Gaius Cassius Longinus and other men, calling themselves the Liberatores "Liberators".
Many plans were discussed by the group, as documented by Nicolaus of Damascus: There were many discussions and proposals, as might be expected, while they investigated how and where to execute their design. Some suggested that they should make the attempt along the Sacred Waywhich was one of his favorite walks.
Another idea was to do it at the elections, during which he had to cross a bridge to appoint the magistrates in the Campus Martius. Someone proposed that they draw lots for some to push him from the bridge and others to run up and kill him.
A third plan was to wait for a coming gladiatorial show. The advantage of that was, because of the show, no suspicion would be aroused if arms were seen.
The majority opinion, however, favored killing him while he sat in the Senate.
He would be there by himself, since only Senators were admitted, and the conspirators could hide their daggers beneath their togas.
This plan won the day. Nicolaus writes that in the days leading up to the assassination, Caesar was told by doctors, friends, and even his wife, Calpurnianot to attend the Senate on the Ides for various reasons, including medical concerns and troubling dreams Calpurnia had: His wife, Calpurnia, especially, who was frightened by some visions in her dreams, clung to him and said that she would not let him go out that day.
But listen to me, cast aside the forebodings of all these people, and come. The Senate has been in session waiting for you since early this morning. Caesar had been preparing to invade the Parthian Empire a campaign later taken up by his successor, Mark Antony and planned to leave for the East in the latter half of March.
This forced a timetable onto the conspirators. Two days before the actual assassination, Cassius met with the conspirators and told them that, should anyone discover the plan, they were to turn their knives on themselves.
Ides of March[ edit ] Woodcut manuscript illustration by Johannes Zainerc.Julius Caesar- Act 1: Scene 1, 2, and 3 Q&A study guide by smartcookie includes 23 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Julius Caesar Act I Words, Words, Words* Questions and answers have been provided for you. Your job is to cite the lines from the play that corroborate the answers to the questions. Home → No Fear Shakespeare → Julius Caesar → Act 4, Scene 1.
No Fear Shakespeare Julius Caesar. Read the SparkNote →. Julius Caesar Act I Q A Julius Caesar Act I Words, Words, Words* Questions and answers have been provided for you. Your job is to cite the lines from the play that corroborate the answers to the questions. - Julius Caesar's Soliloquy in Act Two In the play, Julius Caesar an important Soliloquy occurs in Act II,scene 1, lines The passage is very important to the play because Brutus is deciding whether to join the conspiracy or not.
Caesar dared Cassius to swim in the turbulent water during a storm; they both jumped in, but Caesar panicked and almost drowned in fear; Cassius saved Caesar from drowning.
This shows that Caesar may not be as strong as he portrays, and that Cassius is a strong man who sees Caesar as a weak tyrant.