Table of Contents Plot Overview Ten years have passed since the fall of Troy, and the Greek hero Odysseus still has not returned to his kingdom in Ithaca.
Synopsis Exposition A mosaic depicting Odysseusfrom the villa of La OlmedaPedrosa de la VegaSpain, late 4th-5th centuries AD The Odyssey begins after the end of the ten-year Trojan War the subject of the Iliadand Odysseus has still not returned home from the war because he angered the god, Poseidon.
Odysseus' son Telemachus is Summary of the odyssey 20 years old and is sharing his absent father's house on the island of Ithaca with his mother Penelope and a crowd of boisterous young men, "the Suitors", whose aim is to persuade Penelope to marry one of them, all the while reveling in Odysseus' palace and eating up his wealth.
Odysseus' protectress, the goddess Athenarequests to Zeusking of the godsto finally allow Odysseus to return home when Odysseus' enemy, the god of the sea Poseidonis absent from Mount Olympus to accept a sacrifice in Ethiopia.
Then, disguised as a Taphian chieftain named Mentesshe visits Telemachus to urge him to search for news of his father. He offers her hospitality; they observe the suitors dining rowdily while the bard Phemius performs a narrative poem for them.
Penelope objects to Phemius' theme, the "Return from Troy",  because it reminds her of her missing husband, but Telemachus rebuts her objections, asserting his role as head of the household. That night Athena, disguised as Telemachus, finds a ship and crew for the true prince.
The next morning, Telemachus calls an assembly of citizens of Ithaca to discuss what should be done with the suitors. Telemachus is scoffed by the insolent suitors, particularly by their leaders AntinousEurymachusand Leiocritus. Accompanied by Athena now disguised as Mentorhe departs for the Greek mainland and the household of Nestormost venerable of the Greek warriors at Troy, who resided in Pylos after the war.
From there, Telemachus rides overland, accompanied by Nestor's son Peisistratusto Spartawhere he finds Menelaus and Helenwho are now reconciled. While Helen laments the fit of lust brought on by Aphrodite that sent her to Troy with Paris, Menelaus recounts how she betrayed the Greeks by attempting to imitate the voices of the soldiers' wives while they were inside the Trojan Horse.
Telemachus also hears from Helen, who is the first to recognize him, that she pities him because Odysseus was not there for him in his childhood because he went to Troy to fight for her and also about his exploit of stealing the Palladium, or the Luck of Troy, where she was the only one to recognize him.
Menelaus, meanwhile, also praises Odysseus as an irreproachable comrade and friend, lamenting the fact that they were not only unable to return together from Troy but that Odysseus is yet to return.
Both Helen and Menelaus also say that they returned to Sparta after a long voyage by way of Egypt. There, on the island of PharosMenelaus encountered the old sea-god Proteuswho told him that Odysseus was a captive of the nymph Calypso.
Incidentally, Telemachus learns the fate of Menelaus' brother Agamemnonking of Mycenae and leader of the Greeks at Troy: The story briefly shifts to the suitors, who have only just now realized that Telemachus is gone.
Angry, they formulate a plan to ambush his ship and kill him as he sails back home. Penelope overhears their plot and worries for her son's safety.
In the course of his seven years in captivity on Ogygiathe island of Calypsoshe has fallen deeply in love with him, even though he has consistently spurned her offer of immortality as her husband and still mourns for home.
She is ordered to release him by the messenger god Hermeswho has been sent by Zeus in response to Athena's plea. Odysseus builds a raft and is given clothing, food, and drink by Calypso. When Poseidon learns that Odysseus has escaped, he wrecks the raft but, helped by a veil given by the sea nymph InoOdysseus swims ashore on Scheriethe island of the Phaeacians.
Naked and exhausted, he hides in a pile of leaves and falls asleep. He appeals to her for help.
She encourages him to seek the hospitality of her parents, Arete and Alcinous or Alkinous. Odysseus is welcomed and is not at first asked for his name, but Alcinous promises to provide him a ship to return him to his home country.
He remains for several days, and is goaded into taking part in a discus throw by the taunts of Euryalusimpressing the Phaeacians with his incredible athletic ability. Afterwards, he hears the blind singer Demodocus perform two narrative poems.
The first is an otherwise obscure incident of the Trojan War, the "Quarrel of Odysseus and Achilles "; the second is the amusing tale of a love affair between two Olympian gods, Ares and Aphrodite.
Finally, Odysseus asks Demodocus to return to the Trojan War theme and tell of the Trojan Horsea stratagem in which Odysseus had played a leading role. Unable to hide his emotion as he relives this episode, Odysseus at last reveals his identity.
He then begins to tell the story of his return from Troy. Odysseus' account of his adventures Odysseus Overcome by Demodocus ' Song, by Francesco Hayez—15 Odysseus goes back in time and recounts his story to the Phaeacians.
After a failed piratical raid on Ismaros in the land of the CiconesOdysseus and his twelve ships were driven off course by storms.
Odysseus visited the lethargic Lotus-Eaters who gave his men their fruit that would have caused them to forget their homecoming had Odysseus not dragged them back to the ship by force. Afterwards, Odysseus and his men landed on a lush, uninhabited island near the land of the Cyclopes.
The men then landed on shore and entered the cave of Polyphemuswhere they found all the cheeses and meat they desired.The Odyssey study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
About The Odyssey The Odyssey Summary. Summary | Review | Quotes | Buy. While most people know A Space Odyssey from the classic Stanley Kubrick-directed film, the original story and novel were developed by Arthur C.
Clarke, based on a short story called The kaja-net.com while Kubrick’s unique vision doesn’t give the viewer a lot of explanation for the events that take place, . Free summary and analysis of the events in Homer's The Odyssey that won't make you snore. We promise. "The Odyssey" is an epic poem by Homer that tells how the legendary king Odysseus journeys from Oygigia back to his own kingdom of Ithaca after the Trojan War.
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