Dominant themes[ edit ] Animated map of French territory in continental Europe over time. After centuries of warfare and diplomacy, France has the largest territory of any nation in Western Europe. In the last few centuries, French strategic thinking has sometimes been driven by the need to attain or preserve the so-called "natural frontiers," which are the Pyrenees to the southwest, the Alps to the southeast, and the Rhine River to the east. Warfare with other European powers was not always determined by these considerations, and often rulers of France extended their continental authority far beyond these barriers, most notably under Charlemagne, Louis XIV, and Napoleon.
Their regime had been just as corrupt as that of the Despensers but less constructive. Medieval warfare occasionally involved pitched battles that could be decisive. More frequently, however, warfare consisted of long and costly sieges conducted against important fortified cities.
This forced the French to try to reach some agreement. However, when John II died in captivity, awaiting fulfillment of all the provisions of the treaties, his son Charles, crowned as Charles Vrefused to respect the treaties and reopened the conflict.
After both countries were preoccupied with internal power struggles, and the war lapsed into uncertain peace. Possession of Flanders remained the outstanding issue.
Then English fortunes changed. Henry V died in leaving only an infant son. Although Joan was captured by the Burgundians, sold to the English, and tried and executed for heresy, Philip the Good became convinced that the English could never impose their authority on a region as large as France without more support from the native nobility.
He therefore switched sides inand Paris once again came under the authority of the king of France.
Charles VII conquered Normandy and, taking advantage of the internal dynastic struggles connected with the English Wars of the Rosesconquered all of Aquitaine by England retained only Calais, which it relinquished in The English, after their many successes and frustrations, were finally cured of their taste for continental intervention, and the English monarchs turned increasingly to the problems of internal development.
The hard-fought success of the house of Valois in securing the French crown helped insure that France would not become a realm in name only, partitioned among numerous independent princes.Hundred Years’ War, an intermittent struggle between England and France in the 14th–15th century over a series of disputes, including the question of the legitimate succession to the French crown.
The struggle involved several generations of English and French claimants to the crown and actually occupied a period of more than years. The hundred years war did two things in my opinion. It eliminated almost all English continental possessions, preventing England from establishing a continental empire.
It destabilized France for a century. If France had years time to consolidate and expand on the continent, it might have a lot more possessions than it does now. The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between and One of the most destructive conflicts in human history, it resulted in eight million fatalities not only from military engagements but also from violence, famine, and plague.
Casualties were overwhelmingly and disproportionately inhabitants of the Holy Roman Empire, most of the rest being battle deaths. Nov 07, · The Hundred Years War was a long conflict between England and France in Middle Ages, for the throne of France and for French territories.
The Hundred Years' War was fought between England and France between and This lesson explores what led to the conflict and some of the decisive battles of the war. France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in Western Europe and that also comprises various overseas islands and territories located in other kaja-net.com people often refer to Metropolitan France as L'Hexagone (The "Hexagon") because of the geometric shape of its territory..
The French Republic is a unitary semi-presidential republic.