The Construction Process The Jeogori The jeogori is only a small part of the whole of hanbok, yet it is a very busy piece. Lavish fabrics in bright colors and decorative stripes, embroidery or other ornamentation make the jeogori quite eye-catching. The jeogori closes with a pair of ties or sashes called otgureum, which are often brightly colored and adorned with designs of their own.
The ensemble is often called chima jeogori. Two jeogori may be the earliest surviving archaeological finds of their kind. One from a Yangcheon Heo clan tomb is dated while the other was discovered inside a statue of the Buddha at Sangwonsa Temple presumably left as an offering that has been dated to the s.
However, due to reformation efforts and practical reasons, modern jeogori for women is longer than its earlier counterpart. Nonetheless the length is still above the waistline.
Traditionally, goreum were short and narrow, however modern goreum are rather long and wide. There are several types of jeogori varying in fabric, sewing technique, and shape.
According to ancient murals of Goguryeo and an earthen toy excavated from the neighborhood of Hwangnam-dongGyeongjuGoguryeo women wore a chima with jeogori over it, covering the belt. Compared to western style pants, it does not fit tightly. The roomy design is aimed at making the clothing ideal for sitting on the floor.
There is a band around the waistline of a baji for tying in order to fasten. Baji can be unlined trousers, leather trousers, silk pants, or cotton pants, depending on style of dress, sewing method, embroidery and so on.
Po[ edit ] Po or Pho is a generic term referring to an outer robe or overcoatwhich was a common style from the Three Kingdoms of Korea period until the late Joseon period.
Durumagi is a variety of po that was The traditional dressing of korean women as protection against cold. It had been widely worn as an outer robe over jeogori and baji. It is also called jumagui, juchaui, or juui. Although jokki and magoja were created at the end of the Joseon dynasty in which Western culture began to affect Korea, the garments have been considered traditional clothing.
Each is additionally worn over jeogori for warmth and style. Magoja clothing was originally styled after that of Manchu peoplebut was introduced to Korea after Heungseon Daewongunfather of King Gojongreturned from his political exile in Tianjin in It was good for warmth and easy to wear, so magoja became popular in Korea.
It is also called "deot jeogori" literally "an outer jeogori" or magwae. Magoja was originally a male garment but later became unisex. The magoja for men has seop Hangul: A magoja is made of a silk and is adorned with one or two buttons which are usually made from amber.
It is made of silk, and the color for women tends to be a neutral color to harmonize with other garments such as jeogori and chima, which are worn together.
Kkachi durumagi was also worn along with headgear such as bokgeon a peaked cloth hat  hogeon peaked cloth hat with a tiger pattern for young boys or gulle decorative headgear for young girls.
Special dresses are made for shamans and officials. It was worn daily up until just years ago, it was originally designed to facilitate ease of movement.
But now, it is only worn on festive occasions or special anniversaries. While the traditional hanbok was beautiful in its own right, the design has changed slowly over the generations.
The core of hanbok is its graceful shape and vibrant colors, it is hard to think of hanbok as everyday wear but it is slowly being revolutionized through the changing of fabrics, colors and features, reflecting the desire of people.
Also there are additional clothing Po which is the outer coat, or robe, jokki which is a type of vest and magoja which is an outer jacket worn over jeogori for warmth and style. Bright colors, for example, were generally worn by children and girls, and muted hues by middle aged men and women. Unmarried women often wore yellow jeogori and red chima while matrons wore green and red, and women with sons donned navy.
The upper classes wore a variety of colors. Contrastingly, commoners were required to wear white, but dressed in shades of pale pink, light green, gray and charcoal on special occasions.
Also, the status and position can be identified by the material of the hanbok. The upper classes dressed in hanbok of closely woven ramie cloth or other high grade lightweight materials in warmer months and of plain and patterned silks throughout the remainder of the year.
Commoners, in contrast, were restricted to cotton. Patterns were embroidered on hanbok to represent the wishes of the wearer. Peonies on a wedding dress, represented a wish for honor and wealth.
Lotus flowers symbolized a hope for nobility, and bats and pomegranates showed the desire for children. Dragons, phoenixes, cranes and tigers were only for royalty and high-ranking officials.
From this time, the basic structure of hanbok, namely the jeogori jacket, baji pants, and the chima skirt, were established. Short, tight trousers and tight, waist-length jackets were worn by both men and women during the early years of the Three Kingdoms of Korea period.Korean Women Traditional Hanbok Clothes Stage Costume Dress Ball Gown Embroidery.
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